Gluten and the Brain

ARE YOU LOSING YOUR MIND? THE GLUTEN CONNECTION.

Weighing in Against Modern Wheat

Cardiologist William Davis wrote Wheat Belly: Lose the Wheat, Lose the Belly to report his findings when pre-diabetic or diabetic clients came to him for heart disease prevention and followed his advice. He told them that wheat products, such as two slices of whole wheat bread, raise blood sugar levels higher than nearly all other known foods. “Healthy” whole wheat bread actually has a higher glycemic index than table sugar: 72 versus 59.  The glycemic index measures how much something elevates your insulin levels. The higher the insulin levels, the more your body stores fat, both internally around your organs and externally, visibly, in weight gain and obesity. Elevated insulin levels also increase the likelihood of developing diabetes or insulin resistance, with all their complications, and other related illnesses, as well.

As if that weren’t enough damage, in a short YouTube presentation Dr. Davis explains that wheat can be addictive, having a protein unique to wheat gluten called gliadin, which is converted to a morphine-like compound that has the capacity to cross into the brain and bind to morphine receptors. That causes a desire for more wheat and/or simply more food. In short, the gliadin component is an appetite stimulant; people will eat more because their bodies tell them they need more. In his book, Dr. Davis explains that modern wheat has been developed to have more gluten/gliadin than that of decades and centuries past, so the problem is a more recent one, and a serious one. The only way to “stop feeding the monster” is to stop eating the wheat.

His advice to his clients: forego all wheat products. And when they did, what happened exceeded his expectations. The website for his book reads, “People with enormous potbellies saw them disappear when they followed Dr. Davis’s plan for giving up this food….  Discover the startling research that shows why ‘healthy’ whole wheat is in fact the hidden trigger behind that stubborn fat on your hips, thighs, face, and belly…. Research also shows that avoiding wheat can help completely turn around your health … ease a chronic condition … or even help you dodge a deadly disease — including diabetes, arthritis, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack, digestive problems, brain fog, and more.”

 

Gluten Grains, Brain Fog, and Alzheimer’s

Dr. Davis mentions some people’s “brain fog” clearing when they go off wheat, but there’s more to the story about wheat and the other gluten grains and the neurological symptoms they can cause. First, a bit of background. Celiac disease—also known as gluten intolerance– is an increasingly common autoimmune disorder wherein the villi that line the small intestine are damaged. Villi are the means by which the body assimilates nutrients from digested food. When people with celiac disease eat foods that contain gluten, their immune system reacts, and their villi are compromised or damaged in that reaction. Because the villi cannot perform their function as God designed, a person becomes malnourished, no matter how much food he or she eats, or the quality of that food.

A variety of immediate or delayed symptoms are associated with celiac disease, ranging from bloating and gas to cramping and diarrhea, or even intense pain. Others experience fatigue, anemia, skin rashes, or severe headaches. Osteoporosis is also associated with gluten intolerance, either because of diminished ability of the gut to absorb minerals and Vitamin D, or because in one-fifth of celiac sufferers, the “immune system actually attacks bone tissue, leading to rapid bone destruction and severe osteoporosis,” even after they avoid gluten. Because symptoms of gluten intolerance are so varied and unspecific, a diagnosis is often difficult. But what needs to be known is that sometimes the symptoms are the same as those for dementia. Most physicians are unaware that cognitive decline can be a symptom of celiac disease, and as a result, they may diagnose aging or Alzheimer’s disease instead of celiac disease as the true cause.

“New research from the Mayo Clinic suggests that celiac disease should be considered when people start having trouble thinking, doing simple math or remembering things (Archives of Neurology, Oct. 2006). A review of patient records revealed several people who had been diagnosed with both celiac disease and dementia. In two cases, following a gluten-free diet reversed the cognitive decline. Quite simply, “earlier diagnosis and treatment of celiac disease with a completely gluten-free diet might be able to keep some people from developing cognitive problems that resemble Alzheimer’s disease.”

 

More on the Gluten Sensitivity-Brain Failure Link

“New research on celiac disease indicates that it can have a profound effect on the nervous system. In fact, a physician in Great Britain, Dr. Maios Hadjivassiliou, who is a recognized world authority on gluten sensitivity, reported in the journal, The Lancet, that gluten sensitivity can actually be at times exclusively a neurological disease. That means that people can be showing symptoms of gluten sensitivity by having issues with brain function without any gastrointestinal problems whatsoever.

“Researchers in Israel have described neurological problems in 51 percent of children with gluten sensitivity. They also have described a link between gluten sensitivity and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Actually, the link between gluten sensitivity and problems with brain function, including learning disabilities, and even memory problems, is not that difficult to understand. Gluten sensitivity is caused by elevated levels of antibodies against a component of gluten called gliadin. This antibody (the antigliadin antibody) combines with gliadin when a person is exposed to any gluten-containing food like wheat, barley or rye.

“When this happens, protein-specific genes are turned on in a special type of immune cell in the body. When these genes are turned on, inflammatory chemicals called cytokines are created. Cytokines, which are the chemical mediators of inflammation, are directly detrimental to brain function. In fact, elevated levels of cytokines are seen in such devastating conditions as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and even autism. Essentially, the brain does not like inflammation and responds quite negatively to the presence of cytokines.

“In a recent issue of Archives of Neurology, Mayo Clinic researchers reported a strong relationship between celiac disease and declining brain function. The authors described coincidental problems of both gastrointestinal as well as brain function in a surprisingly high number of individuals. Interestingly, in describing their patients they report that cognitive impairment associated with celiac disease was never the initial clinical diagnosis. They further ask clinicians for a reevaluation of the role of celiac disease in causing cognitive impairment [as it] has the potential of expanding the narrow spectrum of treatable dementia.” A simple blood test can reveal gluten sensitivity; often, though, simply not eating gluten grains for several days will reveal whether or not symptoms abate and health improves.

 

Improvement When Gluten Avoided

Another comprehensive and long term study also found that gluten intolerance is linked with senile mental deterioration, dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. In this study many of the subjects with “senile memory loss” were found to be gluten sensitive. Eliminating gluten from the diet over a period of three months resulted in over 70% showing marked signs of improvement of memory. It appears that more and more people are becoming gluten sensitive or intolerant, and many report that their minds are clearer when they are on a gluten-free diet.

 

Yeast May Make the Problem Worse

For some, the digestive difficulties encountered with gluten—and the consequent adverse body/mind connection– may be compounded by the yeast that so often accompanies the use of gluten grains in breads, pizzas, etc. One gluten intolerant person has learned she is also “yeast intolerant.” Simply getting a whiff of fermenting yeast caused her to experience such dizziness that she considered calling emergency services before she collapsed and was unable to call. The difficulty with yeast is not new news. Over 150 years ago, health reformer Ellen White wrote, “Bread should be light and sweet. Not the least taint of sourness should be tolerated. The loaves should be small, and so thoroughly baked that, as far as possible, the yeast germs shall be destroyed. When hot, or new, raised bread of any kind is difficult of digestion. It should never appear on the table. This rule does not, however, apply to unleavened bread. Fresh rolls…, without yeast or leaven, and baked in a well-heated oven, are both wholesome and palatable….” “Bread which is two or three days old is more healthful than new bread.”

 

One Woman’s Story

After listening to a radio program on celiac disease, one woman reported, “After a week of rice and vegetables, I couldn’t believe how much better I felt. The bloating, gas, diarrhea, and puffiness were gone. Best of all, though, the depression, lethargy and inability to concentrate and think began to lift. Not long before, I had insisted my doctor test me for Alzheimer’s! I was losing my ability to recognize faces. I couldn’t have written a letter because I wouldn’t have been able to sustain a train of thought long enough to get past the first paragraph.”

 

Encouragement

Just recently the United Nations’ World Health Organization warned that dementia will double within 18 years, and more than triple by 2050. We don’t know how many in that increase will actually be reacting to gliadin and get misdiagnosed, because we know gluten intolerance is also increasing. Even if simply a clearer mind is desired, one might try a gluten-free diet for a week to see if there’s any improvement in mental clarity—or longer, if mental decline is being experienced.

A gluten-free diet is neither impossible nor unappealing. Gluten-containing grains are wheat, barley and rye—and also oats if they are contaminated by processing in a facility that processes gluten grains. Corn contains a different type of gluten, to which some gluten-intolerant people react.  There are organic, gluten-free (even corn-free) flours and bread mixes on the market, or one can simply replace gluten grains in many recipes with a variety of delicious, nutritionally-loaded alternatives like millet, quinoa, buckwheat, amaranth, teff, and all different kinds and colors of rice. It is best to buy organic grains only. Most corn is genetically modified, and most commercial grains are sprayed with cancer-linked glyphosates not long before harvest. A portion of the chemicals reach and remain on the grains, which are then sold to consumers.

Soaked chia or camelina seeds, or ground flax seeds, can replace gluten to hold some non-gluten flour mixes together. A 50-50 mix of garbanzo flour and water, sitting at room temperature until it “bubbles” or ferments, then refrigerated, acts as a mild leavening agent. So does 35% hydrogen peroxide. Recipes abound on the internet. A quick-and-easy gluten-free, yeast-free bread/cracker recipe follows, for a short- or long-term bread substitute.

 

SWEET OR SAVORY SAFE CRACKERS

 

Basic Recipe:

1 cup gluten-free grain flour (rice, millet, quinoa, amaranth, teff, organic corn)

1¼ c of another gluten-free grain flour (or 1 c flour and ¼ c sesame, sunflower or pumpkin seeds, whole or partially  chopped)

1 t salt

3 T chia seeds, camelina seeds, or ground flax seed, soaked in 1 c water 5 minutes

Enough water to make somewhat stiff batter

 

Optional additions: Be creative!

¼ c carob powder to replace ¼ c of other flour

¼ c bean flour to replace ¼ c of other flour

Any desired seasoning or spice, such as cumin, vanilla, coriander, lemon, organic orange peel, celery seed, dill, etc., etc.

For sweet, try chopped or ground nuts, roasted sesame or pumpkin seeds, dried fruit, jam, coconut flakes or shreds, carob, chopped apples.…

Use applesauce, nut milk, fruit juice in place of some of all of liquid

For savory, try chopped onions, garlic, olives, spinach….

 

Mix all together, add enough liquid to make somewhat stiff batter. Put by large spoonfuls on oiled baking sheet or parchment paper. Flatten mounds to get more of a cracker texture, if desired. The thicker the mound, the longer it takes to bake, and the softer the result. Chewing our food more will release sufficient enzymes necessary for optimum digestion, so most prefer a “crunchier” bread, achieved by flattening the mounds.

 

Tip: sprinkle sesame seeds on first; mix less likely to stick. Bake 350 degrees 30-45 minutes, depending on moistness of your batter and thickness of your spoonfuls.  Alternative: Try heating pizza stone to 400 degrees, put spoonfuls on the stone, bake at 350 degrees on that instead. Sprinkle sesame seeds on first, to prevent sticking to the stone. Another tip: Often the bread/crackers are better the second day, after flavors permeate. Just reheat if desired. Serve with nut or seed butters, jams, or eat plain. These don’t last long! A final tip: My favorite combination is 1 c organic corn flour, 1 cup millet flour, ½ cup roasted sesame seeds—not ground, along with the chia and salt and water.

 

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Christmas Cards

Lately I have received Christmas cards illustrating scenes of Jesus’ nativity. I observe plenty of clean straw in a crude but clean cattle manger (where there actually would have been hay), clean white cloth wrapping the newborn, clean beasts in the background,–a donkey, likely, and maybe a cow or two, though the sheep were with the shepherds in the fields. The cards pictured clean straw on the floor (probably bare ground underneath the straw) and not a sign of the inevitable animal poop. There’s no sign of where Mary might have delivered her child, no indication of anything other than this sanitized scenario. But I read in the writings of E. G. White that

“…at Bethlehem two weary travelers from Nazareth traversed the length of the narrow street to the eastern extremity of town, vainly seeking a shelter for the night. No doors were open to receive them. In a wretched hovel prepared for cattle, they at last found refuge, and there the Saviour of the world was born.”  Great Controversy, 313

I suspect Joseph, at every possible place, explained their urgent need of a place to stay, because Mary was great with child and due any time. But even though there was no room at the inn or any other lodging place, notice, too, that no one offered them a place in their homes, either—despite the fact that Mary could have her baby very soon. We must assume that there was no room in homes, either, for others may have taken those spaces earlier in the day.

A “hovel” in this context is a smallish open shed (probably three-sided with a gate or sapling or rope across the front)—offering animals protection from the rain–and from the wind, too, if it was situated intelligently, but not from cold. It was fall when Jesus was born, and the night air temperature may have been quite chilly. The fact that it was a “wretched” hovel indicates it was in poor condition—dilapidated and filthy. There would have been no water supply for their donkey or themselves, or even to deal with the birth. What a pitiful, unenviable situation they were in, and at some point, Mary’s contractions began. I hope Joseph’s trust in God was sufficient to keep him calm as he helped his espoused prepare for the birth.  I do expect—rather, I hope–that Joseph called a midwife to help with the delivery, but that detail the Bible does not reveal. And I hope Mary’s labor was short.

“…Angels desired that even in his humiliation, the Son of the Highest might appear before men with a dignity and glory befitting his character. Would the great men of earth assemble at Israel’s capital to greet his coming? Would legions of angels present him to the expectant company?”  Great Controversy, 313.   But no, Jesus’ birth was in deplorable, unsanitary circumstances.

And God permitted His beloved Son to be born in such a place.

As I wonder why, some thoughts come to mind.  For practical purposes, perhaps, He wanted His Son to survive. Had He been born outdoors in a field, or under a tree somewhere, the adverse conditions suffered by a newborn may have been too much, even if sheltered by His mother’s body. Or God may have had mercy on the faithful parents, and considered that a hovel would convey the intended message afterward that humanity was loved so much that Jesus left the comfort and purity of heaven, and was willing to begin His life as a human under such conditions. If He were willing to do that, what else might He sacrifice to do for humanity? We know the answer to that.

But part of the message also is—Jesus began life as a homeless person. His parents found shelter for Him where they could. I wish—I hope—that message is made plain to those who are homeless or suffering for lack of the basic things of life: food, shelter, clothing. Their Savior began life as they are now experiencing it, and He was homeless all during His active ministry, too—but His promises are for them, too.

For all of us, no matter our present circumstances (which could change at any moment, and will change drastically at some point, as prophecy warns),

“Jesus was born in a manger that we might be born to life eternal. He became part of the human family that we might become part of the heavenly family. He lived in the midst of dust and poverty that we might live amid riches beyond description. He spent long nights in prayer that we might spend eternal ages in the presence of God. He went homeless that we might live in the mansions He is preparing for us. Our precious Savior trod wearily the sandy trails of Old Palestine that we might walk with tireless feet on the golden streets of the New Jerusalem. He accepted in our behalf the crown of thorns that He might be able to place on our heads the crowns of victory. He died the death that was ours that we might live forever the glorious life that is His.”   Lift Him Up, 5

Memories Squared

I love memories that have tangible items associated with them. As Christmas approaches, one of my favorites is “our” Christmas quilt. My many-talented mother not only taught her five daughters to sew, but she inspired my four sisters to become accomplished quilters, just like herself. All of them have decorated their homes with their fabric works of art. From wall-hangings to bed coverings to table runners, the intricate colors and patterns reflect a uniqueness and personal touch that cannot be matched by impersonal commercial equivalents.

I am the fifth sister, the middle one. Somehow the quilting muse never successfully resonated with me; I think God had His hand in that, for Dad’s sake. That’s because during some family gatherings at Mom and Dad’s homestead, there would be a quilting “show and tell” among my four sisters and Mom. They would spread their latest creations everywhere and set aside time to help each other tie or otherwise finish quilts. Dad and I, of course, would be excluded from that. Had I also been a quilter, Dad would have been left out of the hen gathering entirely, but since we were both unskilled and unhelpful so far as quilting goes, gladly we would escape, just the two of us, for a drive in the country. He would drive, and I, with camera in hand, would direct when and where to stop for a good shot. I will never forget one autumn shot of a buck standing in the center of the road. Large trees were on both sides of the road. Brilliant orange- and gold-leafed maple branches arched overhead and a leafy carpet of the same color covered the road below. Dad’s color-blindness was limited to red, so by God’s grace, that day he could enjoy nature’s resplendent golden setting for that lone deer staring back at us. Had the leaves been red, Dad would have seen only gray. We spent some lovely hours touring the back roads, and I treasure memories of those times.

Years ago, when Mom was still alive, one of my sisters came up with the idea to make a family Christmas quilt. I was included in that project so that it could truly be a family quilt. I wasn’t a quilter, but I could sew. Each sister and Mom were to make twelve identical, twelve-inch squares. Each quilter would then receive two squares from each of the other five quilters, making a total of six different patterns, two of each, twelve total, per quilt. We were free to add whatever batting and borders we wanted, and it was up to us whether to tie the quilts ourselves or pay to have them machine quilted.

I love my quilt, flaws and all. And yes, the quilt does have obvious “flaws,” apparent even to a beginner. The reds and greens don’t really match from square to square, and the Christmas tree square clearly doesn’t fit with the rest of them. However, it is “our” quilt; it was a shared family project when we all lived close enough to get together occasionally at Mom and Dad’s. Years have passed, and now we’re all separated from one end of the country to the other and there’s no longer a family homestead to gather at. By the quilt’s very presence, though, it brings to mind a time when we worked together as adult siblings and mother to create a memory that would last as long as we do. Every year about this time, I put mine on the back of my forest-green sofa. My quilt is hand-tied, lofty and warm and colorful and made by loving hands. One sister even sewed my squares together for me, to encourage me to follow through to the end with my own version. Every time I cozy up in my quilt, whether to nap or settle down to read, I feel close to and loved by those who intended that very memory to arise whenever we each see our own adaptation of the family quilt. My siblings feel likewise. One wrote, “I won’t get rid of that one. Too many family hands have touched it for me to just let it go.”

It’s special for another reason, too. We didn’t realize what was wrong yet, but Mom had begun to experience symptoms of Alzheimer’s. My oldest sister had to help her do a simple pattern for her part of it—but she did it herself! Hers is the octagonal one in the upper right corner in the photo. It was the last quilting she ever did, and she worked through it to give us yet another evidence of her love.

The Christmas tree square that doesn’t fit with the rest of the squares is my contribution and it shows my lack of experience. I didn’t think ahead how it would look with the other squares—so dissimilar in pattern. When two of my sisters asked me what pattern I was going to make, I had no idea, but I quickly got one. I pointed to a wall hanging in one of their homes and said, “I’d like to do that. I can see how it’s done.” So my squares were a smaller version—a 12” version—of that Christmas tree wall hanging. And knowing my lack of interest in quilting, those sisters cut all the pieces for me so I would have the best motivation to get my part done and my squares fitting into everyone else’s quilts size-wise. They wanted to make sure the Christmas quilts became a reality.

The truth is, I would much rather have hired someone to make the squares for me. Many times as I sewed, I longed for the project to be over with. However, I also dearly wanted the feeling of family togetherness that would come with the quilt. Even if Mom and my sisters never found out a stranger had done my squares, I would know and always be bothered by it. So I persevered through twelve identical tedious squares of little pieces of fabric stitched together then stitched together again to other small pieces (and repeat and repeat and repeat). Afterward I confided to Dad about my oft-considered temptation to hand the job to a stranger. He grinned and said, “I wondered if you’d do your pieces yourself. Now I know.” So even Dad is part of my precious memories associated with the quilt. He’s gone now, too, but I remember that special moment of humor between just the two of us.

The take-home message? Doing things together with those you love, with those who love you, results in wonderful memories that can sustain us when times are not so rosy and/or those persons are not nearby. We remember loving and being loved. Making Christmas cookies together falls into that category. However, doing things together that result in lasting, tangible things that add to our comfort and/or joy takes the memory-making to a higher level. They are timeless, visible reminders of that occasion of happy togetherness. My Christmas quilt falls into the latter category. Don’t stop doing the first, but consider how to do more of the latter.